Chapter 5 - THE WORSHIP OF KALI

By Paul Twitchell

Rebazar Tarzs quit pacing the floor and dropped upon the earth putting his legs under him. He spread the robe over his knees, hiding his lower limbs, giving the appearance of a great Buddha in silent contempla- tion.

After awhile he opened his eyes again and stared at me for a long time. Finally he said, "I've brought you this far, my young friend. Now I will talk about the Kali, the Earth mother, whom all India worships, and most of the world people, though the latter are not aware of this.

"The Hindu religion has a trinity, consisting of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. These represent the three currents flowing out of the Brahm Lok world; they are creation, continuity, and destruction. The Hindus gave them worldly names in order to personalize each cur- rent, so they would be recognized. They are: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, which are worshipped in India and other parts of the Oriental world as Gods.

"These are called the sons of Kal Niranjan, the nega- tive power, whose other name is Brahm. The female counterpart of Brahm is Shakti, who in fact represents a minor creative current. Out of these two great cur- rents, the three subordinate currents flow into the lower worlds, and to these are attributed the creation of all lower worlds. These three became creators, lords and governors of the lower worlds, under their father, Brahm, and their mother, Shakti, They are said to be under the supervision of their mother. In fact, these

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three represent creative currents. They carry the crea- tive impulses from the greater powers above, but they have been given these individual names, as persons.

"It is well to remember that all creative currents may become personal; that is, take individual form and assume individual duties, as Krishna, Christ, Buddha and others. Now these three have generally been ac- cepted as the Hindu trinity of Gods, as commonly known in their literature and religion. Millions worship them in spite of their subordinate position. These powers are the real servants of man. They perform a certain function in carrying on the work of the world, in producing human bodies, and in keeping these bodies going. They are the agents of the SUGM AD in serving mankind, but not gods to be worshipped by the human race. They are almost menials in the grand hierarchy, but each of them have certain powers and prerogatives, and within his own sphere he is all- powerful. He carries on according to definite laws and rules laid down for his government. These again are laws of nature. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva may be regarded as servants of the negative power or his working committee. In all respects, they do his bidding, each in his own department.

"Still lower than these three, there is another current or God, or power, who is also one of the working force, helping to carry on the administration of the physical universe. His name is Ganesh. He stands practically at the foot of the list of subordinates whose business it is to serve mankind and help to carry on the work of the world.

"In the subtle region close to the earth, there is a great host of beings called devas, devtas, bhuts, prets to name a few. These are generally called angels in

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English. They are beings somewhat above ordinary men and they help to serve man in many ways. They have great powers and are quite willing to serve peo- ple who live in harmony with them.

"Last of all, is humanity itself at the very foot of the grand hierarchy. If man works in harmony with all of these powers above him, he will surely receive their help and will eventually become a spiritual traveler.

"The Kali is the mother goddess of India. I have pur- posely left her until the last for she is worshipped by the Hindus as the great creative force. She is the six- armed deity which rules over all, a powerful current representing the female or feminine principle of that country. She is the consort of Shiva, but assigned to the place where Shakti is supposed to be.

"Now the Kali represents destruction, the goddess which destroys all yet replaces it with fertility of life. In other words she is a sex goddess. Another name for her is Mahamai, or the great mother, and in the yoga system she is the power, the strength of the deity pre- siding over the ganglion at the throat. It is sometimes called the Kanth chakra, the fifth center that lies near the cervical plexus. It has to do with respiration. But I will go into these chakra centers later.

"The Kali is worshipped, as I said before, by the Hindus. She has been brought to our attention in the west mainly by Ramakrishna, the great Vedantist prophet of India.

"The Christians know her as the Virgin Mother, but without the six arms, and the Greeks had a name for her, Ceres. All religions have a mother goddess, the feminine principle of the universe.

"Ramakrishna laid for hours before the statue of Kali in his hometown, in the temple of course, pleading

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with the mother goddess to give him just one little glimpse of her. He sang hymns, songs of praise and talked constantly to the statue, as if she were alive. If he had been in any other country on the globe it would have been possible that he would have been locked up for insanity. But he wasn't insane, for when the Kali finally gave him a touch of ecstasy, he went into a trance for many days and had to be cared for like a child, hand fed and bathed.

"This feminine principle, which is known mostly to the Hindus, is frankly the opposite of the male, or posi- tive principle. The Chinese have worked it out in the idea of Yang and Yin. Yang is the male principle and Yin is the feminine.

"I am going around in circles somewhat to explain to you what the Kali, mother goddess of India, is like. I want you to understand completely when I'm through with this part of the discussion. This feminine principle is somewhat destructive in its nature and is closer to the lower world than the other currents. Being destruc- tive means that it is also the creative side of the current.

"This is a part of the Shiva currentwhich is the triad Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Do you remember the two faces of Shiva? Well, this is the part of the Shiva current which most Indians of the Far East wor- ship. This is a part of the Shiva sect. The sect is a fol- lower of the two faces of Shiva, worshipping Shiva as the Father God and Kali as the mother goddess.

"Shiva is known as the creator of the world and Kali as the destroyer. She represents the great womb of the universe, for out of her is born all life. Some yogis write poems to her, cry out in agony for her smile, and finally get a touch of heaven through her.

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"In other words Kali is the symbol of what is called Mother India. Now I point out that all men love to think of their home country in the symbol of woman- hood. They look upon all life as the feminine principle, because they have been taught that womanhood was greater than manhood.

"This is some of the misteachings on the earth plane. It comes about because India's religious system was spread too far west and too far east during its advent. You don't find many of the Hindu cults in the west; maybe Vedanta has made a strong stand in the west, but the other religious groups within the Hindu reli- gious framework have not. Yet the influence of Hindu- ism has been so strong that it did replace a section of thought in China, Japan and, to the west, in most of the nations along the Mediterranean coast.

"Christianity adopted the Virgin Mother idea from the Indian philosophy, mainly the Shakti, mother of the triad group, and completely lifted and made it over into a westernized idea. The whole point is that Kali has become the symbol of the feminine mind. The whole mystery of the feminine principle is found in the Kali symbol.

"Priestcraft taught man long ago that motherhood was greatest because out of it comes the birth of life. Doesn't the female of all species give life, be it plant or animal, or the human species? But if you look beyond this thought, you might see that maya, illusion, is the veil through which life comes. This is because man is not able to look into the true side of all nature; and this maya, which was created from time immemorial, has a way of hiding all things to the profane sight of man.

"Buddha was supposed, according to the famous poem 'The Light of Asia', to have stepped through the

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veil of illusion onto this earth. In other words as a tra- veler in the spiritual worlds, he descended from the Brahm Lok, and regressed into the singular physical form, and found his way into the earth world, through the womb of a woman. So do all ECK adepts, the M AHANTA, including yourself.

"Now the word maya has a dozen meanings. In the west its name is Maria, Mary, May, Molly, Polly, or Poll, or even Marietta. Hence comes the Mary who gave birth to the savior Jesus, for he only used her body in order to visit this planet. It is the way of na- ture that all things must be born in the miniature man- ner of babyhood and grow to adultship. This is one of the laws of nature on this planet, and even the saints, saviors and adepts use it, mainly so they may not startle man too much; for what he doesn't understand, he would not accept.

"This form of maya, as I have said, is represented by the female body which hides as the womb of time and space.

"Western psychology puts an emphasis upon an aberration of its men; that man longs to return to the womb for its comfort; where he laid in soft darkness, protected by the woman's belly, and fed without strug- gle. This is an escapism which is often laid at men's feet to chastize them and get them to accept women as their equal.

"Now I'm going to explain the true psychology of the Kali goddess so that you may have a greater under- standing of the feminine principle, that current which creates life and form on this earth, and destroys it without regret.

"Let's have a few minutes of rest before going on with this subject."

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"Now the Kali is a form of worship which is con- sidered a blood cult. It was originated during the reconstruction period in India, when the development of the female side, the wife of the deity, began. The idea grew that the god was unapproachable, but the Sakti or female side brought mankind in touch with the deity, an idea that of course underlies Mariolatry in Christian thought. In case you don't know what the word means it's the worship of the Virgin Mary a term of opprobrium often used in the western world.

"The Saktas, the worshippers of Kali, grew to such importance, especially in Bengal, during this period that it formed a right hand and left hand group. It was the left hand Saktas who became the troublemakers in India; this was the blood cult, Kali, the Vampire whose presence influenced men to Thugism, sex cults, and the evil of murder.

"The right hand Saktas were the worshippers of woman, the mother they had rituals of worship of the female organ of reproduction. They believe that this is the height of divinity, for woman's womb represents the creativity principle in nature. Of course this is not true as I explained before. Kali is often portrayed in statue form with a long protruding tongue which is precisely parallel with the Egyptian god, Bes, and with Medusa as represented in early Greek sculpture. All of these are of Gorgon origin, i.e., each is a fierce counte- nance intended to frighten evil spirits. She often wears the linga, the symbol worn by Shiva, as an ornament on her head.

"In the temples of Kali, and in a vast number of village temples in the rural Indian states, animal sacri-

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fice is still in use. But as in the temple of Kali at Kalighat, Calcutta, she accepts only the blood as her portion of the sacrifice.

^One fact must remain clear. To the Indian the idol of the Kali may have been a stone image to the eye but it is a living personal goddess to him. The image has been made by human hands, but the goddess lives in it, using the stone or metal body as the human uses the human body. She lives in the temple among her people, receiving from their hands the food by which she sub- sists, welcomes them to her presence and makes them her guests. She listens to their prayers and answers them. She hears and speaks, eats and sleeps, moves and acts.

"The whole of the temple worship depends on this belief. The villager goes to the temple to see Kali's face. He believes he looks into her own divine eyes. He prays with fervent prayer, and hears the goddess answer him with her own lips. Not only the villager does this, but in the lives of all the saints you can meet the same belief.

"Kali is represented in various forms; as Sati for ex- ample the faithful wife who cast herself into the fire so as not to be present when her husband and father were quarreling, and who was the prototype of all the satis, devoted widows, who consented to be burned alive on the funeral pyres of their husbands.

"Next she is Parvati, the girl from the mountain; Uma, the Beneficent, whose carnal and mystical union with the Divine Spouse is part of her cult; more fre- quently as Durga, the Inaccessible; Chandi, the Vio- lent; Gauri, the Wild, Kali, the Black; or sometimes as Annapura who gives rice in abundance.

"Associated with several of these are a series of war-

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like tales about conflicts with demons and a ritual practice based on human sacrifice. Sometimes she bears a serene, pacific aspect as in the poets' vision that sees her as the Mother India; but for the most part she is a cruel, repugnant figure dripping with blood, hungry for human flesh, adorned with bracelets of snakes and a necklace and girdle of skulls.

'"She is the female shakti, energy of Shiva, and be- cause of this position she is so honored without giving due honors to her divine spouse. For this reason she is given high status among the men and women of the Far East.

'The Saktas who adore the wife of Shiva as his sakti, or energy, call their manuals, Tantras. These books contain a literature of such vast importance that I wonder how so many, over the centuries, have missed their substantiality. The contents have guided priests and gurus in their labors through the centuries, while they have been regarded as inspired authorities by poets and thinkers.

"What it contains is most important to you and my- self and every spiritual traveler in the worlds here and beyond. While secrecy goes with savagery in the Kali or Sakta cult, it also has left us something for our own knowledge to help in the Far Country.

4 They have a word a Word of Power a magic word. If uttered by one who has so subdued his nature as to be near the spiritual worlds, it may move moun- tains and achieve empires. It is the very word which all inner cults of religion have sought, a Word which was boomed out from the idol in the great inner temples of Egypt, the Power of Word that was on Aaron's Rod, the Power of Word the Psalmist says, 'When the sea heard, it fled'; the Power of Word that was on Solo-

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mon's Ring, and which Jesus, said the Jews, used to work his miracles. The Power of Word which all men seek, 'The gyatri' that must never be said, the sacred cry of obscure meaning *Om Mane padni hum!' 'The Jewel is in the Lotus/

"Nobody seems to find this word which is written into the Tantras, the secret mystical word which is there but not written. This is the paradox of all things which the worship of the Kali has brought out.

"Now that I have said this much, it behooves me to bring you up to the next step. There is the Kali, there is the Shiva, the two faced God; the male and female God of this earth world. On one side you find the face of Shiva, the male God, with his symbol, the Linga, the phallic organ of man; the other face is that of Kali, the female side with the koni, the female organ of woman. Both represent two individual cults; the phallus is the male energy, and the vagina is the female energy.

"Therefore the Word of Power is somehow tied in with the energies of the universal power, the ECK, which sends its forces into the human elements, the body and its bodies or sheaths. The Tuza is aware of this lost word, but somehow It hasn't yet found it in the worlds below. It is possible that the Tuza won't, until getting into the Sach Khand region, as an Initiate of ECK.

"So you see that man worships the Kali in many forms, throughout all religions, or he worships the fem- inine principle, so to speak. He is concerned mostly with destroying and rebuilding in this world. His aber- rations keep him on the move destroying most of the things which come in his path, and it is through the feminine principle that he is interested in the ways of creating and destroying.

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"So it is strange that in this weird philosophy of destruction, you find the Word of Power. This Word on the planes of the lower worlds is a two edged sword for it can create or destroy; the creative side is the male principle and the destructive side is the female principle.

'This power is in every woman who walks or has walked the earth planet. It is in her makeup to give life or destroy it; this is her nature and sad as it may be, the more freedom that a woman has the more that she wishes to experiment with life. She gives birth to babies as a creative process, but this is only one of her functions on the earth planet. Observe the nature of woman in your casual relations with them they want to pull everything down to their level this is because woman feels inferior to the male species. She will go to untold lengths in order to bring a man dlown to her level and make herself equal. This is the Kali force working within her. This is the power, or the word which the Tantras keep so secretly hidden and never write down, but at the same time tell you what it is and what it might be.

"The menstruations of woman are tied to the forces of nature, and because of this cruelty, Kali herself is forced to demand the blood of humans and animals. This is to make up for what she loses monthly. She fights the desperate fight against nature and not win- ning, she takes her revenge by demanding that all women obey her and seek the equalization of man. She is gaining more strength and status from the ages through which she lives, until possibly one day, Kali may be the leader of all races that is woman might be- come the head of the family and leaders of nations.

"This is why you and all spiritual travelers must

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study the worship of Kali. Man is coming into the era now where he is fighting for his position in the society of races, because women are trying to take his place. There have been many matriarchal societies in the his- tory of the earth and every time this has happened, there has been a major regression as the feminine prin- ciple rules.

"The more civilized a nation or society becomes, the more it is influenced by women, the feminine principle. After it reaches its zenith as in the Golden Ages of Greece, when Pericles ruled, the feminine principle starts to turn the tide of attitudes with many female qualities, like love, charity and forgiveness. Each is a feminine quality and not at all like the qualities of the SUGMAD, those taught by the great spiritual Lords on the upper planes of the Far Country.

"Kali is a civilizing creature, representing a minor current in the lower world which is not very well known by most of the people who worship her in some form, be it the Virgin Mother Mary, or the Rain Goddess of the Congo.

"I'll take up more about Kali later! "

"Sakti is the worship of Shiva, the form of pleasure derived from the guthya or Koni, the female organ. Shiva is the Linga, or the worship of the phallus. The union of these two is the cause of all joy in the uni- verse, say these followers of the two cults. It is also the unknown belief of all religions and cults on this earth.

"Kali therefore represents the essence, power and force in life. Her followers have the complex that is sometimes met in the work of the somewhat super- feminists, that the female is the superior and dominat- ing force in the world and must be allowed to control it. You hear this being taught by mothers and feminine

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men to small children during their early years.

"The important aspect of this fecundity cult is that the doctrine of reincarnation is associated with it, as in most religions that give credence to the subject. It means that every birth allows a waiting Soul to tread one more stage to salvation. The looseness of the moral code in regard to sex is an excuse given to help a Tuza reach perfection through reincarnation.

'This is a part of the teachings on the Kundalinu The Saktis believe that the worship of the mother god- dess, Kali, and the performance of the sex act can bring about release of the Kundalini; that acts of violence will also release this strange powerful force.

"The Kundalini is actually the sex force, in a manner of speaking. In other words the kundalini is a dichot- omy with two sides, the physical side and the subtle. The Sakti use the physical acts in order to release the kundalini, which is neither permanent nor stable in any manner.

"Those who follow the Patanjali system of yoga use the Pranayama exercises, which release or awaken the kundalini from its dormant state in the indri chakra, or swadhistana center. It lies near the sacral plexus and is associated with the function of reproduction. It is the creative center in man. Not the brain or the mind; as I pointed out before, this is actually the creative center in man.

"When awakened this force rises through the central canal of the spinal cord, known to the anatomists as the sixth ventricle; to the occultists as the Susumna path, with two smaller canals, one called Ida, on the left, and the other called Pingala, on the right. When the Kundalini rises to the brain, fully aflame, a series of important changes take place in the consciousness,

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especially in the feelings and emotions.

"The individual is on fire, so to speak. He has also a very great increase of powerspowers over the forces of nature and powers over other people. If, however, that individual has not been properly prepared for these changes by a rigorous process of training in self- control and mind purification, the results may be very disastrous. Even death or insanity may follow.

"For this reason then, the way of the Kali is wrong the ecstasy brought to man through affection for and love of a woman, or the worship of sex in her, is danger- ous if it arouses the kundalini. Take the example of John Keats whose love for a woman was so great that it released this power in him and brought his death; the same happened to Lord Shelley, the poet, who went nearly insane and lost his life by drowning; Byron also had the same experience and went out of his life at thirty-two.

"This Kundalini is dangerous on the lower planes. No man should play around with it unless he is in- structed by the MAHANTA, the living ECK Master. It can do great injury to the body and bring ruination upon the user's head, unless he is careful and properly guided.

"The systems taught by yoga to release this flame power are of the lower world, and of no need to the spir- itual traveler. The Tuza who wants the release of his kundalini must contact someone who can help him; then he can begin to release it and move into the higher spiritual realms.

"You see man, himself, is a microcosm of the greater macrocosm, and in order for him to see this there are certain methods by which it can be done, mainly, intui- tion. Man is the microcosm and inside him are still

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smaller microcosms, each one of which has a definite relation to some portion of the outlying universe. The entire existence of man is wrapped up in a larger being. He himself is but a cell in the body of the cosmos. Yet, taken as an individual, man is a small universe. More accurately speaking, man is a cluster of universes, all within himself.

44 In him lies hidden the sum total of all universes. Each cell in his body is a still smaller universe and each atom in each cell is still a smaller one. The body of man is a vast and complicated system of universes, millions of universes clustered together in a single unit.

"Man is indeed a complete replica of the vast sys- tems outside of him, and in this fact lies a great hope. It is a gracious promise to man by the SUGMAD. Man, in the study of himself, learns about the great universes on the outside. By going within to go out- side, he awakens all his latent powers. Doing this, he then comes into conscious touch with the entire sys- tems of worlds, both physical and subtle, filling end- less space.

"The exact process by means of which this is to be accomplished will be revealed by the spiritual traveler to those who wish to follow in his footsteps.

"Each and every man, when properly trained, is able to detach himself from the physical body, while still living in that body in perfect health, and travel to all parts of the outlying universe.

"Everyone has this ability, whether conscious of it or not, but during his sojourn in this world he has for- gotten and lost the knowledge of how this is done.

"The microcosmic centers in the body are: (1) the Mulchakra, which is also called the muladhara or guda- chakra. It is located near the rectum and governs elimi-

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nation.

"These centers are all shaped somewhat like the lo- tus flower, more or less round, and the number of dis- tinct parts are spoken of as petals. This lowest one has four petals, the higher ones increasing in number, as they ascend.

"It is an interesting fact that all of these body chakras taken together, have exactly fifty-two petals, corresponding to the fifty-two letters in the Sanskrit alphabet, and each petal gives out a sound of a distinct musical note, corresponding to one of the Sanskrit let- ters. These sounds can be heard by any person whose finer sense of hearing has been awakened. He can then see these chakras and listen to their sounds. It is claimed that these fifty-two sounds comprise all of the sounds which can be possibly made by the vocal or- gans of man. It is said that the ancient rishis and masters, listening to the fifty-two sounds, fashioned a character for each one, and that is the way the Sanskrit alphabet came into existence.

"The second chakra is called the Indri-chakra or linga chakra, where the Shiva God is worshipped, as well as the Kali. It is also called the Shat-dal-kanwal. Located near the sacral plexus, it has six petals. It has to do with reproduction.

"Third is the Nabhi chakra. It is often called Ashta- dal-kanwal. It is located at a point near the solar plexus and has mostly to do with general nutrition. It has eight petals.

"Fourth is the Hrida chakra. It is also named Dvad- ach-dal-kanwal. It is near the cardia plexus and has twelve petals. Its function is to serve the circulation of the blood and breathing.

"Fifth is the Kanth. It lies near the cervical plexus

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and has to do with respiration. It is also named the Shat-das-dal-kanwal, the lotus of sixteen petals.

"The sixth center is called Do-dal-kanwal, the two petaled lotus. It is located back of the eyes on a level with the lower part of the eyeballs, but exactly in the center of the brain cavity, at a point in the subtle body, corresponding with the position of the pineal body. This is the seat of the mind and the Tuza.

"This is the center of control over the body. All cen- ters below this one are subordinate. All deities or forces which are said to govern the body are them- selves subordinate to the mind and spirit of man which reside in this center.

"Above this center is another center called Char-dal- kanwal, whose function is to supply the four-fold Antishkarans, the mental faculties of the mind, with centers of action. These four faculties are: Manas, Buddhi, Chitta and Ahankara. Each of the petals of this lotus has its own sound, and these four complete the fifty-two letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. This is the lowest of the six centers in Anda and lies nearest to Pinda, the fourth grand division.

"Just above the Antishkaran four petaled center comes the Tisra Til, third eye, at which the chela con- centrates his attention, when practicing the spiritual exercises of ECK. Thus the Tuza resides in the Do-dal- kanwal, when in the body, and leaves through the Tisra Til.

"This is enough for today. Tomorrow I'll talk some more on these centers."

"Now to finish the Tisra Til or the third eye. This

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subtle organ is also called the Shiva-netra, the eye of Shiva. It is also Nukti-i-saveda, the black point- known mainly to the Saktas, followers of Kali, the Black Goddess.

"In the case of the Nukti-i-saveda, the concentration is worked in reverse and Soul, in getting out of the body, is kept earth-bound, doing many things which often ends in violence. It's a sort of left hand path, or black magic.

"There are many centers still higher in the brain, each corresponding to a region in the higher worlds. There are twenty-two important centers in man's sub- tle body, besides almost numberless smaller ones which may be likened to the smaller nerve ganglia in the body. They all have a certain function but it is too much to explain here, so we'll keep to the high spots.

"I have given the six centers in Pinda, the lower world, or body below the eyes, as a study. This is be- cause so many yogis emphasize these and use them, but no spiritual traveler uses them. They begin their concentration at Tisra Til, and from there they move upward.

"If one begins there, the next station above Tisra Til is Ashta-dal-Kanwal, the lotus of eight petals; then the next above that is the true center of all the Astral worlds, the Sahasra-dal-Kanwal, and this is the first of the great regions traveled by the spiritual travelers in the Far Country.

"All great yogis generally stop here, many of them fully believing that they have attained the highest in the Far Country. It is practically the starting point of the spiritual travelers on their upward journey toward the supreme region. That supreme world lies eight dis- tinct stages above, or seven exclusive of Sahasra-dal-

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Kanwal. Sahasra-dal-Kanwal lies just below the Brahm Lok of the Hindus, which is known in the lan- guage of the ECK travelers as TirkutL

"This is the second stage on the path for the great Yogis. For the ancient Hindus and the Vedas, it was the end of all, the residence of the Supreme Godhead. In the science of the spiritual travelers, Brahma is known as the Negative Power.

''It was inevitable that the feeling of bhakti, or love, which is inseparable from the life itself should eventu- ally manifest itself in something like the Tantric cult of Kali. Tantra's fundamental characteristic is a full, un- conditional acceptance of life and the world of creation, as they are, whereas the intellectual denied their reality.

"The former was life-affirming, whereas the latter life-denying. The intellectual, in fact, was the represen- tative of a petrified civilization's intellect, rational, coldly logical and sterile. The greatest modern expo- nent of Tantra, the Kali cult, was Sri Ramakrishna, who defined Tantra in this manner, 'The bhaktas accept all the states of consciousness. They take the waking state to be real also. They don't think the world to be illusory, like a dream. They say that the universe is a manifestation of the SUGMAD's power and glory. The SUGMAD has created all these sky, stars, moon, sun, mountains, ocean, men, animals. They constitute

His glory He is within us, in our hearts. Again, He

is outside/

"Ramakrishna added that Jnana, the path of knowl- edge, that is obtained through radical negation led to the Absolute, impersonal Godhead of monism. But bhakti, the progressive affirmation of unquenchable love, leads to something else; to the worship of the cos-

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tnic force of the universe, sakti, as symbolized by the goddess Kali.

"The popular, optimistic and almost sensuous as- pect of the Kali cult as given in the Tantra, is the natu- ral complement of the more negative and intellectually aristocratic Vedanta in its complete acceptance and fu- sion of the four basic pursuits of man: prosperity, (artha), sensual love (kama), earthly duties (dharma) and final release (moksha).

"In the Kali movement, the Hinduism of the last few centuries, is finally expressed most completely in its catholic rites and devotions: consecrations, transub- stantiations, incense and offerings accompany yogic meditation. More than anything else, this cult has given free rein to the development of the powers of the imagination. And nowhere as in India, has the power of imagination been able to recreate art and cause a meta- morphosis in the devotee himself, than in the Kali wor- ship.

"Sri Ramakrishna said at one time. The Divine Mother revealed to me in the Kali temple that it was She who had become everything/

"The Kali described by the Tantra text is one who should be adored with liquors and oblations. She who has a gaping mouth and uncombed hair; who has four hands and a splendid garland formed of the heads of the giants she has slain, and whose blood she has drunk; who is as black as the large clouds and has the whole sky for her clothes; who has a string of skulls around her neck and throat besmeared with blood; who wears ear-rings, consisting of two dead bodies; who carries two dead bodies in her hands; whose form is aw- ful and who dwells in the burial grounds of consumed corpses.

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"This is the Divine Mother of the gentle saint, also the goddess of the criminal, blood-thirsty Thuggee cult. Can you imagine anyone worshipping this out- landish symbol?

"Kali is but the primitive energy called Shakti in this lower world, and whoever can understand this all creative element which can also destroy, is among the highest in the world of the Anda. She is the burning of the fire, the subtle side of Shiva.

"Other mystics in India have followed this strange goddess. Vivekananda was her disciple. The great In- diafi teacher, Aurobindo Ghose, found refuge in her arms. Subhas Bose, a ranking member of the Indian congress, whose opposition to Gandhi's non-violence platform brought him into the light of international news, was a devotee. These are among a few who have been followers of the Kali.

"Having brought you this far, I will go to the next step. The symbol of the Kali is the manifestation of the feminine principle in man and woman. She is the repre- sentation of all womanhood, the great mother, the moon goddess, the divine mother.

"This mother goddess is the heavenly representative of womanhood. She is the Mother, the Woman who is immortal. She does not die like man, but lives eter- nally, the prototype of woman, the eternal feminine. She lives eternally and it is her unchanging, enduring character which is her most marked characteristic. She is the power behind God, or to quote the early Greek writers, she is the fatal goddess, the Goddess of Fate, and often therefore the inexorable one, the goddess of death, whom even the efforts of her devotees cannot mollify.

"The Kali is the All-Giver, mother of Gods and men

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and of the creatures of the field. Her story appears again and again in primitive mythologies. Sometimes she is the Moon Mother, the creative Earth Mother, Mother Nature. In many systems her concept closely resembles that of the Kali so it is hard to say what is the mother goddess that all ancient people worshipped and is still found today in the Kali and the Virgin Mary. All are represented as the same generative and destructive powers. The Chaldeans, Greeks, Scandi- navians, Hindus and Chinese speak of their mother goddess, sometimes as earth deities but always in the terms of the generative and destructive powers.

"In all ages and in all places men have conceived of a Great Mother, a Great Woman, who watches over mankind from some place in the sky, or from the place of the gods and the temples. This concept can be found in practically every religion and mythology whose con- tents have come to my knowledge.

"These Great Mothers, whose worship has domi- nated the religious thoughts of people far removed from each other in time, space and culture, have an essential similarity which cannot but amaze you. The Great Mother was worshipped in ancient Babylonia, in the Near East, in Egypt, in Rome, in medieval Europe, even to this day among the peasants of Europe, in the Celtic countries, in ancient Mexico, among the North and South American Indians, in Africa, in Australia, in Polynesia, in India, and in ancient China.

"In all these places, and the list is not complete, the Mother has certain clearly defined qualities. She par- takes of the characteristics of the moon, and in a pecu- liar sense, she is the women's deity. She represents the feminine qualities of fertility and virginal births.

"All women find a worship for the Mother Goddess,

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whether they are aware of it or not. It might be in the church, or it could be of their nature to give adoration to this strange being, which is actually the minor fem- inine current on this earth plane.

"This feminine principle is in constant struggle against the masculine principle, because it is consid- ered natural. It is like water which can blend, or bend at any moment and by doing so overcome the user of it. Drink too much and you will die from over indulgence. Immerse too long and you will drown. But stay away from it and you die of thirst or dehydration. This is the strength of the feminine principle.

"Women know this and in this manner they use man for their needs. In other words they are the conquerors, if man doesn't know it in time. You have only to know, when a woman has set out to overcome you through love, forgiveness and subtle conquest. She intends to keep you in the lower creations, but if you can mold her and make her pliant to your touch she can become a great spiritual traveler.

"She can reach the world of SUGMAD without man's help. Instinctively she knows this yet she reaches out for man to hold him to her side. Once she understands what can be done for her, then she will seek out the ECK which can take her upward into the airy heights of the Far Country/'

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